Mourners waving white handkerchiefs, Kenneth Kaunda’s trademark symbol, paid tribute Friday at a memorial service for Zambia’s first president, who died last month aged 97, as VIPs hailed him as one of southern Africa’s great statesmen.
Neatly distanced in compliance with Covid rules, scores of Zambians stood on the terraces of the National Heroes Stadium in Lusaka, swaying to dirges and solemn music played by a military band.
A hero of the struggle against white-minority rule, Kaunda died on June 17 at a military hospital where he had been admitted with pneumonia.
He always carried a white handkerchief – an item that he said symbolised love and peace, and which he started carrying while incarcerated during the struggle for independence.
Zambia’s founding father was given full military honours, including a 21-gun salute and an air force jet display.
A casket draped in the Zambian flag was driven on a gun carriage into the 60,000-capacity stadium and placed under a white marquee.
Braving the coronavirus pandemic ravaging the southern African country, several foreign dignitaries and presidents flew to Lusaka to pay their respects.
Zambia is among Africa’s top three countries reporting the highest number of new cases over the past week, after South Africa and Tunisia, according to the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC).
“Today is a passing of an era,” South African President Cyril Ramaphosa told mourners.
“Kaunda was the last surviving leader of the generation who lit the path to Africa’s freedom from colonial misrule.”
Condolence Message by His Excellency President @CyrilRamaphosa at the State Funeral service held in honour of President Kenneth Kaunda at the Lusaka Show Grounds in Zambia #RIPKK #RIPPresidentKennethKaunda pic.twitter.com/SL77WdDs6e
— Presidency | South Africa 🇿🇦 (@PresidencyZA) July 2, 2021
“We will never be able to pay back the debt that we owe you,” Ramaphosa said, while Zambia’s President Edgar Lungu lauded Kaunda’s record as an anti-imperialist who “believed that … Africans deserved to decide our own destiny as a people and that we could not be discriminated against”.
The African Union’s commission chairman, Moussa Faki Mahamat, described Kaunda as “a unifier”, a “giant among men”.
“Had it not been for the selfless efforts of his generation, I would not be before you today, as the African Union would not exist,” he noted.
[Read] Remarks of H.E. @AUC_MoussaFaki Mahamat, Chairperson of the @_AfricanUnion Commission, at the State Funeral of H.E. Dr Kenneth David Kaunda, #Lusaka @ https://t.co/lzjqrXB0X9 pic.twitter.com/PZy3N77r0l
— African Union (@_AfricanUnion) July 2, 2021
Ghana’s president, Nana Akufo-Addo, said “we are marking what is truly the end of an era on our continent… the last of the great freedom fighters, the philosopher king”.
‘Defeated Goliath of oppression’
Also present were the presidents of Malawi, Namibia, Mozambique, Kenya, Zimbabwe, Botswana, the prime minister of Lesotho, Britain’s Minister of African Affairs and Commonwealth Secretary-General Patricia Scotland.
“He was a warrior who defeated the Goliath of oppression,” said Scotland.
British junior foreign minister James Duddridge, representing Zambia’s former colonial ruler, said Queen Elizabeth II was saddened by Kaunda’s death and that “the world has lost a great man”.
In a message, the British monarch said Kaunda’s “maintaining Zambia as a bastion against apartheid has earned him a place in history”.
𝐏𝐑𝐄𝐒𝐈𝐃𝐄𝐍𝐓 𝐌𝐀𝐒𝐈𝐒𝐈 𝐀𝐓𝐓𝐄𝐍𝐃𝐒 𝐃𝐑. 𝐊𝐄𝐍𝐍𝐄𝐓𝐇 𝐊𝐀𝐔𝐍𝐃𝐀 𝐅𝐔𝐍𝐄𝐑𝐀𝐋
President @OfficialMasisi has joined other leaders and the people of the Republic of Zambia, to pay their last respects at the State funeral of His Excellency Dr Kenneth Kaunda. pic.twitter.com/qjKlco1J9r
— Office of the President| Republic of Botswana. (@BWPresidency) July 2, 2021
Kaunda, popularly known by his initials of KK, was president of Zambia for 27 years, taking the helm after the country gained independence in October 1964.
He headed the main nationalist group, the left-of-centre United National Independence Party.
He was nicknamed by some “Africa’s Gandhi” for his non-violent, independence-related activism in the 1960s.
He hosted many of the movements fighting for independence or black equality in other countries around the continent – sometimes at a heavy cost.
But his popularity at home waned as he became increasingly autocratic and banned all opposition parties.
"As an icon of our liberation struggle, this luminary has left an indelible footprint on this continent, a perpetual reminder of his profound impact which continues to reverberate from Cape to Cairo and beyond the shores of Africa." – @hagegeingob pic.twitter.com/twMZetIcaz
— Namibian Presidency (@NamPresidency) July 2, 2021
He eventually ceded power in the first multi-party elections in 1991, losing to trade unionist Fredrick Chiluba.
Zambia declared a period of mourning after his death, with flags flown at half mast, while his body was taken around the country for the public to pay their respects.
He will be buried next Wednesday at the country’s presidential burial site situated opposite the cabinet office in Lusaka.
Malawian President Lazarus Chakwera said Kaunda’s burial would signify the “planting of a vibrant seed”.
“From this seed, let’s harvest a new African generation with new pan-Africanism… free from corruption,” he urged.
Some taxi drivers in Lusaka drove with their headlights on as a way of mourning the country’s founder.
“We have agreed here that we will be driving with our lights on as a way of mourning Dr Kaunda, shikulu (grandfather). The loss is too huge, not only here in Zambia but the entire world,” driver Lazarus Daka, 37, told AFP.